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Exploring the Phenomenology of N,N-Dimethyltryptamine-Induced Entity Encounters

Article Title: “Survey of entity encounter experiences occasioned by inhaled N,N-dimethyltryptamine: Phenomenology, interpretation, and enduring effects”

Authors: Alan K. Davis, J. Clifton, Eric G Weaver, E. Hurwitz, Matthew W. Johnson, R. Griffiths

Publication Date: April 28, 2020

DOI: 10.1177/0269881120916143

The study dives into the intriguing world of encounters with seemingly autonomous entities reported following the inhalation of N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT). DMT, a powerful psychedelic, has been known to induce profound and often life-altering experiences.

Study Overview
The research was conducted through an online survey, garnering responses from 2,561 individuals. The average age of respondents was 32 years, with a majority (77%) being male. The survey focused on their most memorable entity encounter after taking DMT.

DMT entity encounter

Key Findings

  • Sensory Experience: The encounters were primarily visual, with many reporting extrasensory perceptions like telepathic communication.
  • Nature of Entities: Descriptions of the entities varied, including beings, guides, spirits, aliens, and helpers.
  • Emotional Impact: Despite 41% experiencing fear, the overriding emotions were love, kindness, and joy.
  • Perceived Entity Traits: Many respondents felt these entities were conscious, intelligent, and benevolent, existing in a different reality dimension.
  • Messages and Predictions: A significant number (69%) received messages or predictions (19%) during these encounters.
  • Changes in Atheist Beliefs: Post-experience, over half of the previously self-identified atheists no longer considered themselves atheists.
  • Enduring Impact: These experiences were among the most meaningful and spiritually significant in the respondents’ lives, leading to lasting improvements in life satisfaction, purpose, and meaning.
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Sensory Dimensions and Extrasensory Perception

The study’s findings on sensory experience are particularly striking. The majority of respondents reported that their encounters were primarily visual, which aligns with the known effects of DMT in stimulating vivid, often otherworldly visual phenomena. Intriguingly, many participants also reported extrasensory perceptions, such as telepathic communication, during these encounters. This aspect points to a multi-dimensional experience that transcends traditional sensory boundaries, suggesting a complex interplay between the drug’s pharmacological effects and the human brain’s interpretative processes.

Diversity of Entities and Their Characteristics

The descriptions of the entities encountered were diverse, ranging from beings and guides to spirits, aliens, and helpers. This variety reflects the deeply subjective nature of the DMT experience. What’s notable is that these entities often possessed qualities of consciousness, intelligence, and benevolence. The perception of these entities as inhabiting a different, yet real, dimension of reality indicates a profound shift in the experiencer’s understanding of reality and existence.

Emotional Landscape and Fear Factor

While a significant proportion of respondents (41%) reported experiencing fear during their encounter, the predominant emotions were overwhelmingly positive, including feelings of love, kindness, and joy. This emotional landscape indicates that DMT experiences, despite their intensity and potential for fear, often result in a positive emotional imprint. This aspect is crucial for understanding the therapeutic potential of psychedelics, where controlled settings could leverage these positive emotional experiences for psychological healing.

Transformation in Worldview

Transformation in Worldview: Messages, Predictions, and Atheism

  • Reception of Messages and Predictions: A striking aspect of these encounters was the communication of messages or predictions about the future. With 69% of participants reporting receiving messages and 19% receiving future predictions, this aspect highlights the profound and often insightful nature of these experiences. These communications, whether perceived as coming from an external entity or as a manifestation of the subconscious, appear to play a critical role in the transformative aspect of the experience.
  • Shifts in Atheist Beliefs: The survey revealed a significant shift in religious and spiritual beliefs, particularly among atheists. Over half of the respondents who identified as atheists before the experience no longer did so afterward. This finding is remarkable and suggests that these experiences can profoundly affect one’s fundamental beliefs about existence, spirituality, and the nature of reality.

Enduring Effects on Life Satisfaction and Purpose

  • Life-Altering Experiences: The study emphasized that these DMT experiences were among the most meaningful, spiritual, and psychologically insightful events in the respondents’ lives. This underlines the depth of impact such experiences can have on an individual’s sense of self and their understanding of life.

  • Positive Changes in Life Satisfaction: Respondents reported persisting positive changes in life satisfaction, purpose, and meaning following their experiences. Such changes indicate the potential of these experiences to catalyze significant personal growth and psychological well-being.

Implications for Understanding Consciousness

These findings offer a unique window into the human mind’s capabilities and the profound effects of psychedelic substances on consciousness. The experiences described in the study challenge conventional understandings of reality and perception, suggesting that psychedelics like DMT can unlock new realms of human experience and understanding.

Potential for Therapeutic Applications

The positive changes reported by respondents, especially in terms of psychological well-being, highlight the potential therapeutic applications of DMT. This could pave the way for more research into using psychedelics for treating mental health conditions, such as depression or PTSD, by facilitating transformative experiences that lead to increased life satisfaction and a renewed sense of purpose.

In conclusion, the study provides valuable insights into the phenomenology of DMT-induced entity encounters, revealing a complex interplay of sensory perception, emotional responses, and profound changes in

worldview and personal beliefs. These encounters, characterized by their intensity and depth, not only challenge our understanding of consciousness but also open up possibilities for psychological and spiritual growth. As research in this field continues to evolve, it will be fascinating to see how our understanding of such psychedelic experiences develops and how they might be harnessed for therapeutic purposes.


The study suggests that DMT-induced entity encounters share similarities with non-drug related experiences reported in religious, alien abduction, and near-death contexts. These encounters can lead to profound, long-lasting changes in worldview and personal beliefs.


This research opens avenues for understanding the psychological and spiritual impact of psychedelic experiences. It underscores the potential of psychedelics not only in therapeutic contexts but also in exploring consciousness and the human psyche’s deeper realms. The enduring positive effects observed in respondents suggest a transformative potential that merits further exploration, both scientifically and philosophically.


Davis, A. K., Clifton, J. M., Weaver, E. G., Hurwitz, E. S., Johnson, M. W., & Griffiths, R. R. (2020). Survey of entity encounter experiences occasioned by inhaled N,N-dimethyltryptamine: Phenomenology, interpretation, and enduring effects. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 0(0), 0269881120916143.

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